CLEO – a carbon-neutral fuel for the maritime sector

Marine cargo vessels emit nearly 3% of total greenhouse gas emissions. By 2030, an ambitious, but realistic goal, is to replace 5% of A. P. Møller Maersk’s fossil oil consumption with carbon neutral fuel, which will avoid the release of 1.55 MT fossil CO2 per year.

The goal of the project is to develop sustainable and competitive lignin-based biofuels with sufficient supply-chain security and cost-efficiency to be used as a replacement of fossil-based oils in the marine sector.

The consortium, led by A. P. Møller Maersk, will bring the technology from lab-scale research and development to pilot-scale production and testing, with a view to potential full post project commercialization of the process. The technology will be expanded to handle different lignin types, and process sustainability will be analyzed and documented. Research will be undertaken on the physical properties of the fuel, to determine feasibility and barriers for its use and to provide scientific data to support regulatory approval. In the long term, the technology has the potential to replace the global maritime consumption of fossil oils.

ACTIVITIES of the Bio Base Europe Pilot Plant

Scale up and demonstration



Det Energiteknologiske Udviklings – og Demonstrations program (EUDP – Danish Energy agency) (Journal nummer: 64020-1101).